Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion founded in the 7th century in Mecca by the Prophet Muhammad, who is considered the final prophet in a line of prophets including Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus.

Followers of Islam, called Muslims, believe in one God, Allah, and follow the teachings of the Quran, Islam’s holy book, believed to be the word of God as revealed to Muhammad.

The Five Pillars of Islam—faith (Shahada), prayer (Salat), almsgiving (Zakat), fasting (Sawm), and pilgrimage (Hajj)—form the foundation of a Muslim’s faith and practices.

Muslims gather for communal prayers at mosques, especially on Fridays.

Islam emphasizes submission to God’s will, compassion, and social justice.

It is practiced by over a billion people worldwide, making it the second-largest religion, with diverse cultures and traditions within the global Muslim community.